Hallux valgus is most often called a bunion. Hallux valgus is a Latin term, with the word “hallux” meaning big toe and “valgus” meaning pointing out to the lateral side.
It happens when:
If the deformity gets worse problems can then affect the smaller toes. The ball of the foot can become painful and the lesser toes can claw or hammer.
No, it is unlikely badly fitting or the wrong type of shoes caused the problem.
Badly fitting shoes may cause the problem to get worse once it has started. They will also cause more pain and discomfort in the feet.
There are simple treatments which do not involve an operation. For people with milder hallux valgus problems these can sometimes give some relief.
A specialist podiatrist will be able to give advice on these types of treatment.